Featured Article

We did not find national reports on ruptured aneurysms treated in the context of the pandemic, this being one of the first studies that demonstrate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm. The population should be educated on how to act in case of specific symptoms such as sudden intense headache, neurological deficit, or acute chest pain, which should receive timely care, immediate referral, and priority of treatment in referral hospitals in order to reduce morbidity and mortality of complex neurological pathologies.

The alteration at the anatomical and/or functional level, both motors, sensory and cognitive, a product of the sudden exchange of mechanical energy caused by an external force on the skull, is what defines a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Clinical observation in mild TBI includes observing children under 2 years of age with trauma without fracture or admission criteria clinically for 2 to 4 hours and observing children with symptoms or mechanism of fall for 4 to 6 hours not known. We studied mild TBI at Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital, Ecuador, from January 2016 to December 2019.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is the disruption of brain function and architecture. The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most widely used TBI severity classification; however, it assesses the functional status of the brain resulting from highly heterogeneous lesions and has little accuracy. The Neurological Severity Classification System (NSC System), a clinical-tomographic instrument designed to overcome lesion heterogeneity, assesses brain function and structure in determining the severity of BTI.

Petroclival meningiomas constitute 3 to 10% of meningiomas of the posterior fossa, they originate in the petroclival fissure, in the upper part of the clivus, petrosal apex, and medial to the trigeminal nerve. Resection of these tumors is a neurosurgical challenge. The combined partial petrosectomy approach associated with a sub-temporal approach is a technique described by various authors; however, its performance is considered highly complex. We report the case of a petroclival meningioma operated successfully in our hospital using this combined approach

Orbital schwannoma is a rare pathology, which constitutes approximately 1 to 6.5% of orbital tumors, and can originate from the ophthalmic branch of the 5th cranial nerve or from perioptic sympathetic nerves. The first-line treatment is surgery, and total resection provides a good prognosis.  We presented a case of 12-year-old woman, with a 9-year illness, characterized by a progressive decrease in right visual acuity until reaching amaurosis.

True fetal or fetal type posterior communicating artery aneurysms (PComA) are a technical challenge for the neurosurgeon in both endovascular and microsurgical treatment. Microsurgical clipping using minimally invasive approaches is a safe and optimal alternative solution. We presented a case of a 53-year-old patient who had subarachnoid hemorrhage from a true fetal PComA.

Pneumocephalus is mainly associated with traumatic injuries, being a rare complication but with high mortality rates. The symptoms are not specific, but in the event of trauma it is necessary to suspect this entity to carry out a timely diagnosis and treatment, since being the product of the skull base fracture it can cause communication with the outside, and the appearance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak. We present a 38-year-old male patient who suffers trauma from a pyrotechnic explosion.

We evaluated the effectiveness of isolated choroid plexus coagulation (CPC) as a treatment for hydrocephalus in various clinical settings and the variables associated with its success. We found that Choroid Plexus Coagulation (CPC) is a viable treatment alternative in the management of hydranencephaly, choroid plexus hyperplasia (CPH), and in selected cases of hydrocephalus without the aforementioned characteristics. However, studies are needed to compare CPC with shunt therapies before qualifying it as the first line of treatment.

Currently, endoscopic third ventriculostomy with choroid plexus coagulation (ETV / CPC) has been positioned as a reasonable alternative to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt in the treatment of hydrocephalus, both in developing countries and in non-limited settings of resources. The results show that the short-term outcomes strongly depend on the age of the patient at the time of the procedure, the etiology of the hydrocephalus, anatomical characteristics, and previous procedures.

Original Article
Hydrocephalus in pediatric population. Experience in the Neurosurgery Department of the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital, Quito-Ecuador, 2016-2019
CARLOS MORALES T., ALICIA TORRES M., JESUS CASTRO V., JOSE BERNAL C., ALEJANDRO CASTRO S.
Jul-sep 2020, Volume 2, Issue 3, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Vertebral hydatidosis: case report
JOHN VARGAS U, OSMAR ORDINOLA C, EDUARDO LAOS P, ALFONSO BASURCO C.
Jul-sep 2020, Volume 2, Issue 3, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Experience in the surgical treatment of pituitary adenomas at the Guillermo Almenara Hospital in 2019-2020
JOHN VARGAS U, GIAN FRANCO REYES N, FERNANDO PALACIOS S, MARCO MEJIA T, JERSON FLORES C, CAMILO CONTRERAS C, MANUEL LAZÓN A, KENNET LOPEZ G, JOHN MALCA B, JOSE-DANIEL FLORES S, EDUARDO ROMERO V.
Apr-Jun 2020, Volume 2, Issue 2, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Malfunction of the valvular shunting system in children. Experience in the Neurosurgery Department of the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital, Quito-Ecuador, 2016-2019
JUAN ALEMÁN-IÑIGUEZ, ALICIA TORRES M, JESUS CASTRO V, JOSE BERNAL C.
Apr-Jun 2020, Volume 2, Issue 2, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Embolization of ruptured giant aneurysm of the medium cerebral artery followed by surgical evacuation of intracerebral hematoma
JOSÉ LUIS URQUIZO R, RODOLFO RODRÍGUEZ V, WALTER DURAND C, RICARDO VALLEJOS T, DANTE VALER G, JESÚS FLORES Q, GIANCARLO SAAL Z.
Apr-Jun 2020, Volume 2, Issue 2, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Experience in diagnostic and treatment of central nervous system tumors in children less than 2 years at the Baca Ortiz Pediatric Hospital, Quito-Ecuador, 2016-2019
CARLOS FLORES E, ALICIA TORRES M, JOSE BERNAL C, JESUS CASTRO V.
Jan-Mar 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Review Article
Use of social media networks in Neurosurgery
EMIL ZHALMUKHAMEDOV
Jan-Mar 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Isolated intracranial Rosai-Dorfman disease: case report
JORGE ZUMAETA S, FERNANDO PALACIOS S, WILLIAM ANICAMA L, CLAUDIA BURGOS J.
Jan-Mar 2020, Volume 2, Issue 1, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Minipterional interfascial approach for microquirurgical treatment of ruptured and unruptured anterior circulation aneurysms. Initial experience in the Dos de Mayo National Hospital in Lima - Peru
JOSÉ L. ACHA S, HÉCTOR YAYA-LOO, DAVID YABAR B, RITA LOPEZ C
Oct-Dec 2019, Volume 1, Issue 4, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Aqueductoplasty with stent placement by neuroendoscopy for the management of a cyst of the IV ventricle in a case of neurocisticercosis
JOHN VARGAS U, JERSON FLORES C, JAIME ROJAS V, FERNANDO PALACIOS S.
Oct-Dec 2019, Volume 1, Issue 4, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Endovascular management of non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms with flow diverter devices. First experience in Peru.
GIANCARLO SAAL-ZAPATA, WALTER DURAND S, RICARDO VALLEJOS T, DANTE VALER G, JESÚS FLORES Q, RODOLFO RODRIGUEZ V.
Jul-sep 2019, Volume 1, Issue 3, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Curative transvenous embolization of a challenging ruptured thalamic arteriovenous malformation using Onyx: Case report.
PAUL CARRANZA V, WALTER DURAND C, RICARDO VALLEJOS T, DANTE VALER G, JESÚS FLORES Q, GIANCARLO SAAL-ZAPATA, RODOLFO RODRÍGUEZ V.
Jul-sep 2019, Volume 1, Issue 3, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Case Report
Revascularization with first generation bypass plus carotid reconstruction with tandem clipping of complex paraclinoid aneurysm. First case in the Dos de Mayo National Hospital in Lima - Peru.
JOSÉ LUIS ACHA S, HÉCTOR YAYA-LOO, PEDRO SOTO P, JORGE MURA C, JOAQUÍN CORREA, DAVID YABAR B.
Jul-sep 2019, Volume 1, Issue 3, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Mini-pterional craniotomy for clipping of anterior circulation Aneurysms
JERSON FLORES C, ALFREDO FUENTES-DAVILA M †, WESLEY ALABA G.
Apr-Jun 2019, Volume 1, Issue 2, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)
Original Article
Epidemiological, clinical and laboratory profile of patients submitted to micro-surgical treatment by multiple aneurysms at the Guillermo Almenara Hospital
JOHN F. VARGAS U, FERNANDO PALACIOS S, ALFREDO TUMI F, DANIEL FLORES S, JOSÉ GARCÍA V, JORGE ROMERO V, JORGE ZUMAETA S, JOSÉ URQUIZO R.
Apr-Jun 2019, Volume 1, Issue 2, Featured Article
Abstract (English) | Abstract (Spanish) | Full Text | PDF (English) | PDF (Spanish)

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