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Submission Instructions for PAPERS

 
The Peruvian Journal of Neurosurgery (PJNS) will accept original and innovative submissions in English and/or Spanish from Neurosurgeons or other National and International Medical Doctors whose papers are relate to neurosurgical issues on the understanding that the work is unpublished and is not being considered for publication elsewhere. 
The Journal publishes original research papers, reviews (comprehensive and short), case reports and technical notes. Manuscripts will be reviewed by members of the editorial board, whose opinions will form the basis of the final decision by the editor. It is recommended that an English check of the manuscript by a competent and knowledgeable english speaker be completed before submission. Failure to follow them may result in papers being delayed or rejected.
 
SUBMITTING PAPERS TO PJNS
All contributions must be submitted online by the section "SUBMIT YOUR PAPER" or using e-mail to the e-mail: perujournalneurosurgery@hotmail.com 
Manuscripts are accepted on the understanding that the authors have obtained the necessary authority for publication. Manuscripts with multi-authors imply the consent of each of the authors. The publisher will presume that the corresponding author has specifically obtained the approval of all other co-authors to submit the article to PJNS. Submission of an article to PJNS is understood to imply that it has not been either published or not being considered for publication elsewhere.
 
TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS
ORIGINAL ARTICLE should contain unpublished results of original research, which must be presented in sufficient detail to ensure the reproducibility of the described experiments and should present new experimental studies in elaborate form that constitute a significant contribution to knowledge. A original article should contain: A structured abstract (Introduction, objectives, methods, results and conclusion) of no more than 250 words with 3-5 appropiated keywords, and a manuscript of maximum length: 3,000 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables) with the following headings:
  • Introduction,
  • Methods,
  • Results,
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion.
REVIEW ARTICLE is concise and critical survey of novel accomplishments in the author's research field and should bring up the most important current topics or present interpretative and critical accounts, but not simple compilation, on subjects of general interest. The work need not be complete; however, supporting experimental data must be described. A Review article should contain: An unstructured abstract of no more than 250 words for qualitative review articles (structured abstract in quantitative review) with 3-5 appropiated keywords, and a manuscript of maximum length: 3,500 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables).
 
CASE REPORT is a detailed report of the clinical presentation, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a demographic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Case reports also contain a literature review of other reported cases. In general, a case report should not exceed 4 printed pages. A case report should contain: A structured abstract (Introduction, clinical presentation and conclusion) of no more than 250 words with 3-5 appropiated keywords, and a manuscript of maximum length: 1,500 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables) with the following headings:
  • Introduction
  • Clinical presentation (history and phisical exam, treatment, evolution)
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion.
TECHNICAL NOTE should contain new, important information which has not been published and for which urgent publication is desirable. An explanatory statement is required for urgent publication. In general, a technical note should not exceed 4 printed pages. Please also indicate in the cover letter the reason why the manuscript should be treated as a technical note.  A Technical note should contain: A structured abstract (Introduction, clinical presentation and conclusion) of no more than 250 words with 3-5 appropiated keywords, and a manuscript of maximum length: 1,500 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables) with the following headings:
  • Introduction
  • Clinical presentation
  • Discussion
  • Conclusion.
HISTORICAL and SPECIAL ARTICLES:These papers may address virtually any important topic in medicine such as history of medicine, public health, research, ethics, health policy, or health law and generally are not linked to a specific article. They should include an unstructured abstract of no more than 250 words with 3-5 appropiated keywords, and a manuscript of maximum length: 2,500 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables, and online-only material).
 
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR ALL TYPES OF MANUSCRIPTS
ABOUT THE TITLEThe title should not exceed 130 characters, not including the spaces between words and should reflect the main theme of the original article. The use of acronyms and abbreviations should be avoided. The title must be in Spanish and English.
NAMES OF THE AUTHORS: This page must contain: the full name of all the authors and the names of the departments and institutions in which the work was carried out; The names of the authors must be separated from each other by a comma and must follow the following order: First and last name.
INSTITUTIONAL AFFILIATION AND ACADEMIC DEGREE: Then it must be placed the institution or institutions to which the author has affiliation using Arabic numbers, and in letters in superscript the call to the title or higher Academic Degree obtained. In the following paragraph the name of the institution or institutions to which the author has affiliation preceded by the corresponding call number in superscript and then the maximum Academic Degree of each author, with the corresponding call letter and in superscript.
SUMMARYThe summary must be in Spanish and English, it must be structured.
A Original Article should contain 4 parts: Introduction, Methods, Results and Conclusión. It must not exceed more than 250 words.
A Review Article is not structured (it doesn´t contain parts). It should not exceed 250 words.
A Case Report and Technical Note should contain 3 parts: Introduction, Clinical case and Conclusion. All summary must have 3 to 5 keywords that are described in the Decs Bireme (for Spanish) or the MeSH NLM (for English). It must not exceed more than 250 words. (without keywords)
TEXT OF THE MANUSCRIPT:  It contain different parts depending fo the type of article.
A Original Article: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. Should not exceed 3000 words (without including summary, description of figures, tables or references). Preferably in Spanish and English (ideal but optional).
A Review Article: Should contain an unstructured text of maximum length: 3,500 words of text (not including abstract, references, figures, tables). Preferably in Spanish and English (ideal but optional).
A Case Report: Introduction, Clinical case (and its 3 subtitles: History and physical examination, treatment and evolution), Discussion and Conclusion. Preferably not exceed 1500 words (without including summary, description of figures, tables or references). Preferably in Spanish and English (ideal but optional).
A Technical Note: Introduction, Clinical case (and its 3 subtitles: History and physical examination, treatment and evolution), Discussion and Conclusion. Preferably not exceed 1500 words (without including summary, description of figures, tables or references). Preferably in Spanish and English (ideal but optional).
 
OTHER INFORMATION TO SEND
 
CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS: Any potential conflict of interest (economic, professional or personal) of each of the authors that may be relevant to the article should be mentioned.
CONTRIBUTION OF THE AUTHORS: Specific participation of each of the authors (and co-authors) in the different stages of the preparation of the work (conception and design, data acquisition, analysis and interpretation of data, design of the article, critical review of the article, revision of the forwarded version to the authors, approval of the final version). In each stage, only the last name of the author or authors (separated by a comma) that contributed to that specific part of the article process is placed.
CONTACT INFORMATION: The full name, telephone number, email and address of the author to whom the correspondence will be sent for the editorial process should be included if its publication was approved or for contact with the author of any reader interested in the article.
 
ABOUT THE TABLES AND FIGURES
 
They should be numbered with Arabic numerals in the order they are mentioned in the text. They must have feet with the necessary and sufficient information to allow an exact interpretation, making the text unnecessary. All abbreviations and symbols must be explained. If the material is copyrighted, it must be indicated that authorization has been obtained. Photographs of identifiable persons must appear with part of the face covered (usually the eyes) or accompanied by a signed permission to witness the informed consent. As a general rule, it is recommended that the number between figures and tables does not exceed a maximum of 6.
TABLES: Only horizontal lines will be accepted, one that will be used to separate the header of the body from the table and another at the end of the table, in no case should vertical lines be included. The tables must be in Word or Excel. Do not duplicate the material presented in a figure.
FIGURES: Photographs must have a resolution of 300 pixels / inch if they are in TIF or JPG format. In the figures do not repeat data already included in the text. The photographs of objects and microphotographs must contain a scale that allows calibrating the measurements. The symbols and arrows located to facilitate the interpretation should make contrast with the background. The names of the patients or other identifying data should not be included.
 
ABOUT REFERENCES
 
The references should be listed on a separate sheet and should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are cited in the text. Cite in the text by the appropriate Arabic number e.g. 1, 2, 3 and the numbers should be superscripted. The bibliographical references will be written according to the ICMJE norms (Vancouver) and the mention of personal reports, unpublished documents, or in press is not allowed. List the first six authors, followed by et al. If there are more than six authors, list the first six authors, followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists all authors). Examples:

Journals   : Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation in HIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.

Books       : Lachman L, Lieberman HA, Kanig JL. The theory and practice of industrial pharmacy. 3rd ed. Mumbai: Varghese Publishing House; 1987. p. 182-184.

Journal online :Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 1 p.]. Available from: https://ovidsp.tx.ovid.com/ Subscription required

To see other examples of how to write bibliographic references, you can access: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html
 
MANUSCRIPTS PREPARATIONS:
The following requirements are helpfull for editing purposes, they are only recomendations to send an article.
File Formats: Submit word files with tables electronically embedded within the text of the document with at least 2.54 cm margins on all sides. Photos and graphs should be uploaded in images option.
Manuscript Title : Top of paper, Trebuchet and Arial. Fonts all caps, bold, 14 points.
Author Names: First name, followed last name, corresponding author of the manuscript must should be listed first, font: bold, Times New Roman 9 points, capital letter.
Institution Name: Institution addresses Times New Roman 10 points, lowercase letter
Abstract or Summary: In Spanish and English, Arial Narrow 9 point, including keywords
First page file: Should contain Manuscript Title, Authors detail, Affiliation, Email, Address for correspondence and Acknowledgements (if applicable).
Article file : Should contain Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, References; Tables should be appropriately included in the text. 
References : In Arial narrow 8 points
 
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