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Peruvian Journal of Neurosurgery
Presigmoid transpetrous approach (partial petrosectomy) combined with subtemporal transtentorial approach for petroclival meningioma
FERNANDO PALACIOS S., MANUEL LAZON A., EDUARDO ROMERO V., ROMMEL RODRIGUEZ B.Abstract (Spanish) || Full Text || PDF (Spanish) || PDF (English)
Introduction: Petroclival meningiomas constitute 3 to 10% of meningiomas of the posterior fossa, they originate in the petroclival fissure, in the upper part of the clivus, petrosal apex, and medial to the trigeminal nerve. Resection of these tumors is a neurosurgical challenge. The combined partial petrosectomy approach associated with a sub-temporal approach is a technique described by various authors; however, its performance is considered highly complex. We report the case of a petroclival meningioma operated successfully in our hospital using a combined presigmoid and subtemporal transtentorial transpetrosal approach.
Clinical case: 33-year-old female patient with a clinical picture of headache, nausea, and gait disturbance. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed a large right petroclival tumor (4.2x3.9x3.8cm) that displaced the brainstem and secondary hydrocephalus. The hydrocephalus was treated with a ventricular peritoneal shunt. Then, the tumor was resected using a combined presigmoid and subtemporal transpetrosal approach, a technique that allowed adequate exposure of the tumor, achieving complete resection, without intraoperative complications. Postoperative evolution was favorable, with no sequelae.
Conclusion: The combined presigmoid and transtentorial subtemporal transpetrous approach for petroclival meningiomas is an effective and feasible technique to perform in our environment. The support of technology such as Neuronavigation, the ultrasonic aspirator, intraoperative monitoring, and adequate experience in skull base surgery are fundamental factors for the success of this surgery.
Keywords: Meningioma, Skull Base Neoplasms, Craniotomy, Neurosurgical Procedures. (Source: MeSH NLM)